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Internal migration trend on rise in region, shows new study-More Moving To Cities In Haryana

July 23, 2018 05:04 AM


Internal migration trend on rise in region, shows new study
More Moving To Cities In Haryana


A study on rural-tourban migration in Punjab and Haryana has revealed that the trend is putting an unavoidable strain on civic amenities in cities and town of the two states.

Patiala-based Punjabi University’s Centre for Development Economics and Innovation Studies (CDEIS) carried out the study and found that poverty, and lack of facilities and opportunities, in rural areas were further giving a push to this trend.

A team of three professors from the university — lead author Prof Lakhvinder Singh and his colleages Prof Sukhwinder Singh and Prof Deepak Kumar — studied the migration trend for the study. While Lakhvinder and Sukhwinder are economists, Deepak is a sociologist.

The student said the rising tendency of internal migration in Punjab and Haryana was putting an “unavoidable strain” on urban land, housing and other civic amenities, and was leading to growth of slums. The researchers concluded that rising migration was likely to result in unplanned growth in cities and towns of both states and called for developing and strengthening support infrastructure and services.

The study has been sponsored by the Indian Council of Social Science Research (ICSSR), Government of India, New Delhi. It concluded that the two states need a better migration policy. The study said migrants faced risks created by weak institutional governance and were at the mercy of the local administration or their employers for sustaining a livelihood in urban areas.

It has been suggested that the rural-urban migration treated should not be treated as a 'serious urban problem', instead a natural corollary of economic development being followed in both the states and called for developing and strengthen support infrastructure and services in towns as an influx of people in urban areas can lead to growth of slums.

The findings of the report were based on 3,962 selected migrant households from both states —1,992 from Punjab and 1,970 from Haryana.

Data for Punjab was collected from eight cities (Bathinda, Patiala, Jalandhar, Ludhiana, Kharar, Sunam, Gurdaspur and Tarn Taran) and from five cities in Haryana (Gurgram, Panipat, Jind, Yamunanagar and Hisar).

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